jeffs at kant.ee.washington.edu
Tue Jul 24 10:04:41 PDT 2001
Steve Cramer wrote:
> Tried it. when I type smbd as root, the response is
> bash: smbd: command not found
> >Looks to me like your Samba server is currently not running, which is a
> >problem. You ought to see 'smbd' and likely 'nmbd' running:
> > # ps ax | grep mbd
> > 499 ? S 0:00 smbd -D
> > 504 ? S 0:00 nmbd -D
> >Try running it on the command line, as root, (just 'smbd') and see if it
> >spits out an error or something.
No offense to Steve, because this is a common problem. Furthermore,
this is a university, an institution of learning, and Steve is obviously
learning something, so that is good. And finally, most of us became
sysadmins through a process of osmosis.
Having said that.... Steve is having some very basic troubles with
UNIX. Any UNIX sysadmin ought to have at least a passing familiarity
with the ps command in all of its confusing and arcane glory. I am
concerned that in the process of learning how to be a sysadmin, he may
be exposing his customers to some real security risks. Some of those
risks I can imagine just from this discussion; and some of those risks
I'll bet are unimginable. We don't know how many customers Steve has.
It may be that he is his only customer, in which case this is not a big
deal. On the other hand, Steve might be a student who was drafted or
volunteered to be sysadmin for a group of people, without any real
understanding of what the job entailed. I don't really care much Steve
in particular-he just illustrates the broader problem.
So I am struggling with the broader philosophical question of how do we
teach our people how to be sysadmins in a caring and respectful way
without exposing their customers to risk?
The problem is that it ain't your thesis advisors internet anymore.
There was a time when the security faults in the rsh protocol were
acceptable, because the cheapest entry to the internet was a hundred
thousand dollar PDP-11 and they wouldn't just anybody access a PDP-11.
But nowadays, when you can get an internet ready computer for $30.00,
any teenaged punk kid can get on the internet and do mischief (and lest
you think I'm prejudiced against teenaged punk kids, I want to point out
that I was one, once; I've fathered two; I've hired several). It used
to be that you saved your thesis on several floppy disks, because it
took several floppy disks to hold it. My point is that the bar has been
raised several centimeters. How do we help UW sysadmins clear the bar?
The only answer, of course, is training. The question then is, given
the very real cost constraints the university operates under, how do we
provide that training most effectively? I myself have instituted a
program of hiring high school students as interns. Sasha Howard is a
brilliant example of how this program might work. Is it cost
effective? I don't know. Is it quality training? I don't know that
The UW, along with everybody else on the internet, is under attack.
Clearly, we have figure out how to organize. I'd like to see some
discussion on how we can do that better.
> >-=<(| mike at boobaz.net |)>=-
> >On Mon, 23 Jul 2001 at 23:51, Steve Cramer wrote:
> >|In /etc I have two smb.conf, an old one smb.conf and a new one
> >|If I grep smb.conf for log I get /usr/local/samba/var/log.%m
> >| which does not exist
> >|If I grep smb.conf.rpmnew for log I get /var/log/samba/log.%m
> >| which does not exist
> >|however, if I ls -t in /var/log/samba I see that log.smb is most
> >|recent file, recreated at the time I rebooted. When I type
> >| more log.smb
> >|I get
> >|[2001/07/23 17:03:37, 1] smbd/server.c:main(641)
> >| smbd version 2.0.7 started.
> >| Copyright Andrew Tridgell 1992-1998
> >|which provides me (personally) with no insight as to the nature of
> >|the Win98 box's interaction with this Linux box.
> >|Note that when I type ps ax | grep smbd
> >| I get
> >|12592 pts/0 S 0:00 grep smbd
> >|Does any of this help? Many thanks,
> >|>Look in your 'smb.conf' file to see where Samba logs are kept. Look in
> >|>the log for hints as to why the Windows computer can't connect. Show us
> >|>those logs so we can know more about your trouble. Also, make sure smbd
> >|>is running (`ps ax | grep smbd`)..
> >|>-=<(| mike at boobaz.net |)>=-
> >|>On Mon, 23 Jul 2001 at 21:30, Steve Cramer wrote:
> >|>|I recently recompiled my kernel on RH6.2
> >|>|Now my Win98 box can't map linux box using Network Mapping.
> >|>|Any suggestions as to fix? A demon to blame?
Jeff Silverman, sysadmin for the Research Computing Systems (RCS)
University of Washington, School of Engineering, Electrical Engineering
Box 352500, Seattle, WA, 98125-2500 FAX: (206) 221-5264 Phone (206)
jeffs at rcs.ee.washington.edu http://rcs.ee.washington.edu/~jeffs
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